Here’s a look at the Arab Leaguean organization of Middle Eastern and African countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
Ahmed Aboul Gheit of Egypt is the current secretary general of the Arab League.
There are also four observer states: Eritrea, India, and Brazil Venezuela.
The purpose of the Arab League, from the Pact of the League of Arab States, is to promote closer political, economic, cultural and social relations between its members.
A council made up of representatives of member states works together to resolve disputes peacefully. The league has five main committees: political, economic, social and cultural, legal and Palestinian affairs.
Each member has one vote on the board. Decisions are binding only on the states that voted for them.
Since 1945, another 16 members have joined – Libya (1953), Sudan (1956), Morocco (1958), Tunisia (1958), Kuwait (1961), Algeria (1962), Yemen (Aden, 1968), Bahrain (1971), Oman (1971), Qatar (1971), United Arab Emirates (1971), Mauritania (1973), Somalia (1974), the PLO (1976), Djibouti (1977) and Comoros (1993).
April 13, 1950 – The members of the League sign an agreement on common defense and economic cooperation.
1959 – The league holds the first Arab oil congress.
1964 – The league organizes the Organization for Education, Culture and Science of the Arab League (ALECSO).
1976 – ARABSAT is born, a satellite system for Arab communications.
March 26, 1979 – Egypt signs a peace treaty with IsraelL. The league suspends Egypt’s membership and moves its headquarters from Cairo to Tunis, Tunisia.
1989 – Egypt is readmitted into the league; subsequently the headquarters is moved back to Cairo.
1990 – Yemen (Aden) and Yemen (Sanaa) unite as Yemen.
August 1990 – The championship is divided on the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. Members are divided over a vote over a proposal to send Arab troops to join the troops defending Saudi Arabia from a possible attack. Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Syria, Morocco, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Lebanon, Djibouti and Somalia support the presence of foreign troops in Saudi Arabia.
2003 – All members of the league except Kuwait are officially opposed The United States led the war against Iraq. However, some members other than Kuwait, including Bahrain and Qatar, allow the use of their territory.
23 April 2006 – Arab League spokesman Hisham Yusif announces that the organization has promised to transfer $ 50 million to the Hamas-ruled Palestinian Authority. This is in reaction to the US as well European Union by cutting direct funding to the Hamas-led government that took power on March 30.
22 February 2011 – The Arab League releases a statement in which it claims to suspend Libya’s participation in meetings of the Arab League and all group agencies. The statement also condemns what it calls crimes against peaceful protesters and strikers in Libya.
March 3, 2011 – A summit scheduled for March 29 in Baghdad, Iraq, was postponed due to unrest in several Arab League countries.
12 March 2011 – The Arab League asks for it United Nations Security Council impose a no-fly zone on Libya.
13 July 2011 – Arab League Secretary General Nabil Al-Araby visits Syria and meets President Bashar al Assad.
12 November 2011 – The Arab League suspends Syria’s membership, starting November 16, 2011, in response to Syria’s continuing violence against its citizens. 18 deputies vote in favor of the suspension, while Lebanon and Yemen vote no Iraq abstains from voting.
19 December 2011 – Syria signs an Arab League proposal to end violence between government forces and demonstrators.
26 December 2011 – Members of an Arab League delegation arrive in Syria to monitor events on the ground.
January 28, 2012 – The Arab League suspends its mission in Syria while violence continues in the country.
12 November 2012 – State media report that the Arab League has passed the resolution to recognize the new Forces of the National Coalition of the Syrian Revolution, which unites factions of the Syrian opposition.
28-29 March 2015 – The 26th Arab League Summit takes place in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. All leaders are committed to creating a multinational military force to combat threats to the Middle East.
25 July 2016 – The Arab League Summit is held in Nouakchott, Mauritania, but only seven leaders from the 22 member countries participate. The meetings focus on fighting terrorism and how to deal with other conflicts in the region.
24-25 February 2019 – The first EU-Arab League summit is held in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.