Calculated Risk: NY Fed Q3 Report: Household Debt Increased
by Calculated Risk on 11/07/2023 11:00:00 AM
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s Center for Microeconomic Data today issued its Quarterly Report on Household Debt and Credit. The Report shows total household debt increased by $228 billion (1.3%) in the third quarter of 2023, to $17.29 trillion. The report is based on data from the New York Fed’s nationally representative Consumer Credit Panel.
Mortgage balances rose by $126 billion from the previous quarter and stood at $12.14 trillion at the end of September. Credit card balances increased by $48 billion to $1.08 trillion in Q3 2023, representing a 4.7% quarterly increase. Auto loan balances rose by $13 billion, consistent with the upward trajectory seen since 2011, and now stand at $1.6 trillion. Student loan balances increased by $30 billion and now stand at $1.6 trillion. Other balances, which include retail cards and other consumer loans, increased by $2 billion.
Mortgage originations modestly declined to $386 billion in Q3 2023 and are well below the robust quarterly origination volumes observed between 2020 and 2021. The volume of newly originated auto loans, which includes leases, slightly increased and now stands at $179.3 billion. Aggregate limits on credit card accounts increased by $113 billion, a 2.46% increase from the previous quarter.
Aggregate delinquency rates increased in Q3 2023, with 3% of outstanding debt in some stage of delinquency at the end of September. Delinquency transition rates increased for most debt types except student loans and home equity lines of credit. The increases in credit card delinquency were the sharpest among borrowers between the ages of 30 and 39.
“Credit card balances experienced a large jump in the third quarter, consistent with strong consumer spending and real GDP growth,” said Donghoon Lee, Economic Research Advisor at the New York Fed. “The continued rise in credit card delinquency rates is broad based across area income and region, but particularly pronounced among millennials and those with auto loans or student loans.”
Here are three graphs from the report:
The first graph shows household debt increased in Q3. Household debt previously peaked in 2008 and bottomed in Q3 2013. Unlike following the great recession, there wasn’t a decline in debt during the pandemic.
From the NY Fed:
Aggregate household debt balances increased by $228 billion in the third quarter of 2023, a 1.3% rise from 2023Q2. Balances now stand at $17.29 trillion and have increased by $3.1 trillion since the end of 2019, just before the pandemic recession.
The overall delinquency rate increased in Q3. From the NY Fed:
Aggregate delinquency rates were increased in the third quarter of 2023. As of September, 3.0% of outstanding debt was in
some stage of delinquency, up by 0.4 percentage points from the second quarter yet 1.7 percentage points lower than the fourth quarter
From the NY Fed:
Mortgage originations, measured as appearances of new mortgages on consumer credit reports and including both refinance
and purchase originations, were at $386 billion in 2023Q3, a modest decline from the previous quarter and well below the trillion-dollar-plus quarterly origination volumes observed between 2020 and 2021 … The median credit score for newly originated mortgages was flat at 770.
There is much more in the report.