Fast facts of the day D | CNN



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Here’s a look at D-Day. Allied troops invaded Normandy, France, on June 6, 1944, to fight Nazi Germany. second World War

The largest invasion of amphibians (land and water) in history.

The codename for the invasion was Operation Overlord.

General Dwight D. Eisenhower commanded the operation and plans were made to land in Normandy, west of where German troops and artillery were built.

Other: see historical photos of the landing.

The “D” stands for Day. D-Day is the code for the day when a major military attack is expected to begin.

Code names of the five beaches where the Allies landed: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword.

More than 13,000 aircraft and 5,000 ships supported the operation.

The exact number of victims is unknown. An estimated 10,000 Allied soldiers were killed, wounded and / or missing in action: 6,603 Americans, 2,700 British and 946 Canadians.

19 Aug 1942 – A raid on the French port of Dieppe resulting in heavy casualties convinces D-Day planners to land on the beaches. Preparations begin for an Allied invasion across the English Channel.

May 1943 – The conference of the Trident, a British and US strategic war meeting takes place in Washington, DC. Winston Churchill, President Theodore Roosevelt and their military advisers discuss crossing the Channel.

August 1943 – The Chiefs of Staff of the British and US Armed Forces outline Operation Overlord during the Quadrant conference.

November and December 1943 – British and US military leaders discuss the details of the assault on France during the Sestante and Eureka conferences.

1944 – The Germans expect an invasion along the northern coast of France, but they don’t know where it will happen. They build their troops and artillery near Calais, where the English Channel is the narrowest.

5 June 1944 – Allied paratroopers and gliders carrying heavy equipment leave England to begin the invasion of France by air.

in a convey a message to the troops before they leave, Eisenhower tells them, “The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to victory … We will accept nothing less than full victory!”

June 6, 1944 – During the night, a military army and more than 160,000 soldiers cross the English Channel. The minesweepers proceed to clear the waters in preparation for the thousands of landing craft that will carry men, vehicles and supplies.

Between midnight and 8:00 am, the Allied forces carry out 14,674 sorties.

At 6:30 the troops begin to land on a 50-mile front.

In a broadcast to the people of occupied Europe, Eisenhower states: “Although the initial assault may not have been carried out in your own country, the hour of your liberation is approaching.”