Personal Income increased 0.6% in January; Spending increased 1.8%

by Calculated Risk on 2/24/2023 08:40:00 AM

The BEA released the Personal Income and Outlays report for January:

Personal income increased $131.1 billion (0.6 percent) in January, according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $387.4 billion (2.0 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $312.5 billion (1.8 percent).

The PCE price index increased 0.6 percent in January. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index also increased 0.6 percent. Real DPI increased 1.4 percent and Real PCE increased 1.1 percent; goods increased 2.2 percent and services increased 0.6 percent.
emphasis added

The January PCE price index increased 5.4 percent year-over-year (YoY), up from 5.3 percent YoY in December, and down from the recent peak of 7.0 percent in June 2022.

The PCE price index, excluding food and energy, increased 4.7 percent YoY, up from 4.6 percent in December, and down from the recent peak of 5.4 percent in February 2022.

The following graph shows real Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) through January 2023 (2012 dollars). Note that the y-axis doesn’t start at zero to better show the change.

Click on graph for larger image.

The dashed red lines are the quarterly levels for real PCE.

Personal income was below expectations, and the increase in PCE was above expectations.

Inflation was above expectations.

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